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Terror plan accusations 'unfair'

The men accused of plotting a terrorist attack against a Canadian passenger train have made brief court appearances in a case that prompted Iran to immediately distance itself from allegations that al Qaida was operating in the country.

Canadian investigators say Raed Jaser, 35, and his suspected accomplice Chiheb Esseghaier, 30, received "directions and guidance" from members of al-Qaida in Iran. Iran denied any involvement and said groups such as al Qaida do not share Iran's ideology.

Charges against the two men include conspiring to carry out an attack and murder people in association with a terrorist group. Police said it was the first known attack planned by al Qaida in Canada.

Jaser's court appearance in Toronto was brief. He did not enter a plea and was given a new court date of May 23. He had a long beard and wore a black shirt with no tie. He was accompanied by his parents and brother. The court granted a request by his lawyer, John Norris, for a publication ban on future evidence and testimony.

Esseghaier has claimed the allegations against him are unfair. He is choosing not to be represented by a court-appointed lawyer, and made a brief statement in Montreal. He said the prosecution based its conclusions on mere appearances.

A bearded Esseghaier stood in handcuffs throughout the hearing, wearing a jacket over a button-down shirt.

Prosecutor Richard Roy said Esseghaier will be flown back to Toronto to face the charges.

Police said the men are not Canadian citizens and had been in Canada a "significant amount of time," but declined to say where they were from or why they were in the country.

Their case has raised questions about the extent of Shiite-led Iran's relationship with the predominantly Sunni Arab terrorist network. Relations between the two have been rocky for many years, but some al Qaida members were allowed to stay in Iran after fleeing Afghanistan following the US led invasion there. Iran watched them carefully and limited their movements.

US intelligence officials track limited al Qaida activity inside Iran. Remnants of al Qaida's so-called management council are still there, though they are usually kept under virtual house arrest by the Iranian regime There are also a small number of financiers and facilitators who help move money, and sometimes weapons and people throughout the region from their base in Iran.

Last fall, the Obama administration offered up to $12 million in rewards for information leading to the capture of two al Qaida leaders based in Iran. The US State Department described them as key facilitators in sending extremists to Iraq and Afghanistan. The US Treasury Department also announced financial penalties against one of the men.

Officials in Canada said Jaser and Esseghaier had "direction and guidance" from al Qaida members in Iran but no financial assistance, and there was no reason to think the planned attacks were state-sponsored.

Iran's foreign ministry spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast told reporters groups such as al Qaida have "no compatibility with Iran in both political and ideological fields."

"We oppose any terrorist and violent action that would jeopardise lives of innocent people," he said.

Mehmanparast called the Canadian claims part of hostile policies against Tehran, and accused Canada of indirectly aiding al Qaida by joining Western support for Syrian rebels. Some Islamic militant factions, claiming allegiance to al Qaida, have joined forces seeking to topple the regime of Bashar Assad, one of Iran's main allies in the region.

The two countries have no diplomatic relations after Canada unilaterally closed its embassy in Tehran in 2012 and expelled Iranian diplomats from Ottawa.

The investigation surrounding the planned attack was part of a cross-border operation involving Canadian law enforcement agencies, the FBI and the US Department of Homeland Security. Canadian police said the men never got close to carrying out the attack.

RCMP chief superintendent Jennifer Strachan said yesterday that Jaser and Esseghaier were targeting a route, but did not say whether it was a cross border route. The duo had been under investigation since last autumn.

Muhammad Robert Heft, who runs an outreach organisation for Islamic converts, and Hussein Hamdani, a lawyer and long-time advocate in the Muslim community, said one of the suspects is Tunisian and the other is from the United Arab Emirates. Heft and Hamdani were part of a group of Muslim community leaders who were briefed by the RCMP ahead of Monday's announcement.

In Abu Dhabi, a UAE source informed about the attack plot said there was "no UAE citizen" with the name Raed Jaser.

Authorities were tipped off by members of the Muslim community, Best said.

The Canadian Council on American-Islamic Relations, a national Muslim civil liberties organisation, planned to hold a news conference in Toronto on Tuesday to comment on the arrests.

A spokeswoman for the University of Sherbrooke near Montreal said Esseghaier studied there in 2008-2009. More recently, he has been doing doctoral research at the National Institute of Scientific Research, a spokeswoman at the training university confirmed.

Julie Martineau, a spokeswoman at the research institute, said Esseghaier began working at the centre just outside Montreal in 2010 and was pursuing a Ph.D. in nanotechnology.

"We are, of course, very surprised," she said.

A LinkedIn page showing a man with Esseghaier's name and academic background said he helped author a number of biology research papers, including on HIV and cancer detection. The page says he was a student in Tunisia before moving to Canada in the summer of 2008.

The page carries a photo of a black flag inscribed with the Muslim declaration of faith: "There is no god but God and Muhammad is his prophet." The same flag was used by al-Qaida in Iraq and then started being used by ultraconservative Islamic groups in Egypt, Tunisia, Mali and elsewhere across the region.

In Markham, Ontario, north of Toronto, police tape cordoned off half of a duplex, with officers remaining at the scene well into the night. Sanjay Chaudhary, who lives in the other half of the duplex with his family, said the RCMP questioned him about his neighbour Jaser, asking whether he knew him or spoke to him often.

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