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Countdown to Norwegian slaughter
Here is an account of how events unfolded on July 22 2011, and in the aftermath of the attacks. All times are local.
:: 3.26pm: A loud explosion caused by a car bomb shatters windows and leads to evacuations of office buildings near the government headquarters in central Oslo. Eight people are killed.
:: 3.58pm: The Norwegian cabinet releases a statement saying that prime minister Jens Stoltenberg is safe and was not in his office at the time of the blast.
:: About 5pm: A man dressed in a police uniform arrives on the island of Utoya, where the Labour Party is holding a summer camp for its youth wing. About 700 people, mostly teenagers aged between 14 and 18, are gathered there.
:: 5.10pm: Noises are heard from the shoreline of Utoya. Panic breaks out when it is found to be gunfire.
:: 5.15pm: The suspect goes from tent to tent, shooting at random. Youths try to flee the island to escape him or attempt to hide.
:: 5.27pm: Police are notified of the ongoing massacre.
:: 5.38pm: A SWAT team is dispatched from Oslo. It drives, deciding that starting a police helicopter would take longer.
:: By 6pm: The team arrives at the lake, but struggles to find a boat to cross over.
:: 6.20pm: The SWAT team arrives on the island. The suspect continues shooting at random. Among the dead are four campers who ran towards him, thinking he was a real policeman.
:: 6.35pm: The suspect puts down his weapons and surrenders to police.
:: 7.50pm: Police say they are linking the two attacks.
:: 9pm: Police say they believe the man arrested on Utoya also carried out the Oslo bombing. It emerges that Mr Stoltenberg had been due to speak at the summer camp the following day.
:: 9.35pm: Police say the shootings have left at least 10 people dead. In the UK, Prime Minister David Cameron says he was "outraged" to hear about the two attacks. He says: "My thoughts are with the wounded and those who have lost friends and family, and I know everyone in Britain will feel the same."
:: 10.45pm: The suspected gunman is a 32-year-old Norwegian man, police say.
:: 1.40am: It emerges that bomb disposal teams are searching for unexploded devices on Utoya. A police source says there is at least one device at the camp which is being disarmed. The gunman is named in reports as Anders Behring Breivik. He is said to have acted alone, with no links to international terrorist organisations.
:: 4am: Police increase the number dead from the Utoya shooting to at least 80. This count is later adjusted to the final figure of 68 as it emerges that they counted some bodies twice.
:: 8.10am: The Norwegian prime minister describes what has happened as a "national tragedy".
:: 9.50am: Police say the suspect posted on websites with Christian fundamentalist tendencies.
:: 11.15am: Buckingham Palace says the Queen has written to the King of Norway to express her shock and sadness at the attacks in his country. She said her thoughts, and those of the Duke of Edinburgh, were with the Norwegian people.
:: 6.25pm: Police say Breivik has made an initial confession.
Home Secretary Theresa May says she had spoken to Norwegian justice minister Knut Storberget and offered him any assistance needed in investigating the crimes.
:: It emerges that Breivik published an online manifesto the day of the attacks, railing against Muslim immigration to Europe and vowing revenge on "indigenous Europeans" whom he accused of betraying their heritage.
:: Breivik's first court hearing takes place behind closed doors. He has confessed to the attacks but denies committing acts of terrorism.
:: Hundreds of thousands of people take part in rallies across Norway to remember the victims on the two attacks.
:: Breivik is insane, his lawyer Geir Lippestrad says, revealing that his client took drugs before launching his twin attacks.
:: Relatives of those killed on Utoya, and survivors of the massacre, visit the island.
:: Norway's King Harald says freedom is stronger than fear, as the country concluded a month-long mourning period with an Oslo memorial service to those killed in the attacks.
:: Breivik is not criminally insane, a psychiatric assessment finds.
:: Breivik's trial begins and is set to last 10 weeks. Breivik denies criminal guilt, saying the attacks were necessary in what he calls a civil war against Islam in Europe.