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Pope Francis Ends Tour With Call For Peace
Pope Francis has ended his three-day tour of the Middle East after calling upon Christians, Jews and Muslims to "work together for justice and peace".
Speaking in the walled Old City on the last day of a whirlwind tour, the Pontiff said: "May we work together for justice and peace."
The 77-year-old first visited the Al-Aqsa mosque, the third holiest site in Islam.
The site is also considered sacred by Jews because it is the location where two Jewish temples once stood.
Muslims believe the site of the compound is where the Prophet Mohammed rose to heaven.
Francis was surrounded by a large crowd of Muslim and Catholic officials as he toured the compound with the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Hussein.
The Pontiff removed his shoes as he entered the nearby blue-tiled Dome of the Rock with its golden cupola.
While he was there Francis deviated from his prepared remarks to refer not just to his "dear friends" but his "dear brothers".
"May we respect and love one another as brothers and sisters," he said, adding: "May we learn to understand the suffering of others. May no one abuse the name of God through violence."
The compound, which is situated at the southeastern edge of the Old City, is known to Muslims as Haram al Sharif or the Noble Sanctuary, and Temple Mount to the Jews.
The site is the holiest in Judaism, but Jews are forbidden by law from praying there.
Instead they pray at the adjacent Western Wall, the last remaining part of the retaining wall that supported the second Temple complex.
The Pontiff prayed there immediately after his tour of Al-Aqsa.
Francis placed his right hand on the ancient stones and bowed his head for a few minutes before placing a note in the wall - the text of the prayer Our Father written in Spanish.
He later broke from his schedule to visit a memorial to Israeli victims of terrorism, a day after voicing strong solidarity for the Palestinian cause.
Francis prayed before a crypt with the ashes of victims at the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial and laid a wreath of yellow and white flowers in the Hall of Remembrance.
He then kissed the hands of half a dozen Holocaust survivors as they recounted their stories of loved ones killed by the Nazis during World War II.
"Never again, Lord, never again" he said. "Here we are, Lord, shamed by what man - created in your own image and likeness, was capable of doing."
The Pope also traded words with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu over the language spoken by Jesus some 2,000 years ago.
"Jesus was here, in this land. He spoke Hebrew," Mr Netanyahu said at a public meeting in Jerusalem.
"Aramaic," the Pope interjected.
"He spoke Aramaic, but he knew Hebrew," Mr Netanyahu replied.
Later, a prayer book was set on fire in an apparent arson attack at a Jerusalem church near where Pope Francis celebrated mass.
Police said an eyewitness saw a man enter Dormition Abbey and light candles before fleeing the scene.
In the run-up to the Pope's visit, there have been a number of hate attacks directed against Christian holy sites and properties.