Ball tampering row in Dubai
South Africa were penalised five runs for alleged ball tampering on the third day of the second Test against Pakistan in Dubai.
Umpires Ian Gould and Rod Tucker were forced to change the ball and levy the penalty after they deemed the condition of the original ball had been changed.
South Africa captain Graeme Smith was called over by the umpires at the end of the 30th over and informed of the decision to enforce the penalty.
No South Africa player has yet been charged but television replays appeared to show one rubbing the ball against the zipper on his whites.
Further sanctions could still be applied as any player reported for ball tampering is subject to a hearing in front of the match referee, former Australia batsman David Boon on this occasion, as a matter of process.
"As per 42.1 of the ICC playing conditions, the umpires replaced the ball and fined the South Africa team five penalty runs for ball tampering," an ICC spokesperson confirmed.
That regulation reads: "Together with the other umpire report the incident to the ICC match referee who shall take action as is appropriate against the player(s) responsible for the conduct under the ICC code of conduct.
"If the ICC match referee is unable to identify the player(s) responsible for such conduct, the captain shall take responsibility and will be subject to such action as is appropriate under the ICC code of conduct."
The offence rates Level Two under the ICC code of conduct and carries a penalty of 50-100% of the player's match fee and/or a suspension from one Test or two one-day internationals for a first offence.
Pakistan closed the day 132-4 in their second innings, needing another 286 runs to avoid an innings defeat after South Africa piled up a mammoth effort of 517.